Red Gram Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Red Gram Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Climate Information for Red gram farming
Best climatic conditions required for Red gram is low humid and required temperature should range from 25 to 33 Celsius, with average rainfall between 60 cm. to 140 cm.
Red gram is very sensitive to low radiation at pod development, therefore flowering during the monsoon and cloudy weather leads to poor pod formation.

Suitable soil for Red gram Farming.

Red gram can be grown on alluvial soil, arid soil, red soil. It yields best if it’s grown in soil having texture sandy loam, clay loam, with pH 6.5 to 7.5.
It grows on a variety of soil. Red gram being sensitive to waterlogging requires well-drained soil. It does not grow well in saline soil but can withstand drought reasonably well.

Recommended Sowing Times for Red gram Farming.

kharif: Sowing starts in June and lasts up to July

Land Preparation for Red gram Farming.

Red Gram Farming

Red gram being a deep-rooted crop respond well to a proper tilth. Prepared land by taking one deep ploughing followed by two or three times harrowing. Soil should be well levelled so that water stagnation does not take place. Weeds should be properly removed, well tilled and adequately drained.

Sowing methods and tips for Red gram Farming.

Sowing should be done by seed drill or by a plough in-furrow is a more efficient way of sowing for a good yield.

Drilling method: Drilling method is exclusive to India. In this method, one person ploughs a hole in the land and the other person sows the seed. Ox is the most commonly used ‘person’ to plough the land.

Should have row distance between 55 - 75 cm.

Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 10 to 20 cm.

Seed depth should be in between 7.0 and 10.0 cm.

Red Gram Farming

Irrigation Methods for Red gram Farming.

Being a deep-rooted crop, it can tolerate drought. But in case of prolonged drought, there is a need for three irrigation. Red Gram requires 35-40 cm water, during its entire growth period. Optimum moisture is necessary during (a) budding (b) flowering and (c) pod formation stages. As red gram is a rainfed crop grown in assured rainfall areas, usually it does not require any irrigation. If there is water stress, protective irrigation may be given in alternate rows at these 3 stages.

Fertilizer Requirement for Red gram Farming.

Avoid direct contact with seeds and fertilizer. Apply fertilizer based on soil testing results. Also, Potash should be applied when soil testing show deficiency of it.

Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 15, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 25, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 35, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 15, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 25

Seeds Requirements for Red gram Farming.

Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 20.0 Kg. and 25.0 Kg.

Seed Treatment for Red gram Farming.

Select healthy seeds and bold seeds for sowing. Treat seeds with Carbendazim or Thiram@2 gm per Kg of seeds. After chemical treatment, treat seed with Trichoderma viride@4 gm/kg of seeds or Pseudomonas Fluorescens@10 gm/Kg of seeds.

Red Gram Farming

Best Seed varieties for Red gram Farming.

UPAS-120\t, Pant A3, Prabhat, Pusa Ageti\t, T21, HY2, Pusa84, C01, HY1, HY 3A, HY 21, AS 7I 37, BDN1, S20, C11, Bahar, Laxmi.

Best Practices for Red gram Farming.

It is necessary to keep the crop weed-free during the early growth period (4-6 weeks). Two mechanical weeding one at 20 - 25 days and another at 45 - 50 days after sowing but before flowering are required.

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