Climate information for Tomato Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Tomato is moderate humid and required temperature should ranges from 15 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 45 cm. to 65 cm.
Tomato requires warm season for successful cultivation. Being a day neutral plant it can be grown throughout the year if climate is suitable. Tomato is susceptible to cold winds and frost.
Soil required for Tomato Farming.
Tomato can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil, red soil.
It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, loamy, with pH 6.0 to 7.5.
It gives best result when grown under well drained sandy soil with high organic content. It can tolerate moderate Acidic and saline soil. Avoid cultivation in high acidic soils.
Recommended sowing dates for Tomato Farming.
Rabi: Sowing start from September and lasts up to November
Kharif: Sowing start from June and end in July
Zaid: Sowing start from February and lasts up to March
Land preparation for Tomato Farming.
Tomato seeds are firstly sown in nursery then they are transplanted in main field. The soil should be ploughed thoroughly to bring fine tilth. Generally , 4-5 ploughing are needed to make the soil friable followed by planking.
Should have row distance between 50 - 60 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 30 to 60 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 0.5 and 1.0 cm.
Sowing methods and tips for Tomato Farming.
Sowing should be done but transplanting method. Transplanting : Tomato seeds are sown on nursery beds to raise seedlings for transplanting in the field. Raised beds of size 3 x 0.6 m and 10-15 cm in height are prepared. About 70 cm distance is kept between two beds to carry out operations of watering, weeding, etc. The surface of beds should be smooth and well leveled.
Irrigation requirement for Tomato Farming.
In winter, apply irrigation with interval of 12 to 15 days and in summer month, apply with interval of 6-7 days depending upon soil moisture. Tomato required frequency irrigation. However , excess irrigation may leads to more of vegetative growth and less fruiting while water deficiency lead to reduction in fruit setting and over all size of the fruit.
Fertilizer requirement for Tomato Farming.
Two to three week before transplantation of seedlings, apply whole dose of Phosphorus and Potash and one third of nitrogen. Apply remaining quantity of nitrogen in two equal splits 30 and 50 days after transplantation.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 40, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50
Seed requirement for Tomato farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farm land is in between 0.3 Kg. and 0.4 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Tomato Farming.
Before sowing seed must be treated for soil borne disease and pest, before sowing, do seed treatment with Thiram@ 3gram or Carbendazim @1gram/kg of seed. After chemical treatment, treat seed with Trichoderma@ 5 gram/kg of seed. keep it in shade.
Best varieties for Tomato Farming.
Pusa Rohini, Pusa Sadabahar, Pusa Hybrid 8, Pusa Hybrid 4, Pusa Uphar, H-24, CO-1, BT-12, H-86, H-86, Sel-152, PAU-2372, Arka Meghali, Arka Alok, Arka Ashish, Arka Abha, Arka Ahuti
Best cultivation practices for Tomato Farming.
Mulching is an effective way to reduce soil temperature along with weed control.
To avoid mortality of seedlings due to damping off, drench the seed bed first with water and then with Bavistin (15-20 g/10 liters of water).
Do frequent weeding, hoeing and earthing up and keep field weed free till 45days.