Pumpkin Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Pumpkin Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Climate information for Pumpkin Farming.

Best climatic conditions required for Pumpkin is low humid and required temperature should ranges from 25 to 28 Celsius, with average rainfall between 30 cm. to 40 cm.

Pumpkins in too hot and in the too cool region is not beneficial because pumpkins plants are very sensitive to frost conditions and pumpkins seeds do not grow well in the cold soil. Also, at higher atmospheric temperature sometimes male flowers predominant on the female flowers, resulting as lower fruits production in that season.


Suitable soil for Pumpkin Farming.

Pumpkin can be grown on alluvial soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture loamy sand, with pH 6.0 to 7.5.

Good drainage power and all essential organic matter is supposed to be the best soil for pumpkins.

Pumpkin Farming

Recommended Sowing Times for Pumpkin Farming.

Rabi: Sowing start from February and lasts up to March.

Kharif: Sowing start from June and end in July.

Land Preparation for Pumpkin Farming.

Well prepared land is required for pumpkin farming. To bring the soil to fine tilth, ploughings with local tractor is required. Fertility deficiency, then, they should be supplemented at the time of land preparation, as have better results in production.

Low tunnel technology : This technology is used to produce early yield of pumpkin in early summer. It helps to protect the crop from cold season i.e. in the month of December and January. Beds of 2.5m width are sown in the month of December. Seeds are sown both sides of the bed at the distance of 45cm. Before sowing supportive rods of 45-60cm length are fixed in the soil. Cover the field with plastic sheet (100 gauge thickness) with the help of support rods. Plastic sheet should be removed mainly in the month of February when temperature is suitable outside. Dibbling method :Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the hole

Sowing methods and tips for Pumpkin Farming.

Low tunnel technology : This technology is used to produce early yield of pumpkin in early summer. It helps to protect the crop from cold season i.e. in the month of December and January. Beds of 2.5m width are sown in the month of December. Seeds are sown both sides of the bed at the distance of 45cm. Before sowing supportive rods of 45-60cm length are fixed in the soil. Cover the field with plastic sheet (100 gauge thickness) with the help of support rods. Plastic sheet should be removed mainly in the month of February when temperature is suitable outside. Dibbling method :Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the hole

Should have row distance between 200 - 250 cm. Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 30 to 40 cm. Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 3.0 cm.

Irrigation requirement for Pumpkin Farming.

First Irrigation should be done just after the sowing seeds on the field. Then after, give water at an interval of 3 to 4 days in the initial stage of growth. Take care while flowering & fruiting stage. At this, give water on alternate days. Irrigation on alternate days during flowering and fruiting will returns high quality fruits.

Pumpkin Farming

Fertilizer requirement for Pumpkin Farming.

Add 25-30 tones pf farmyard manure/ha after the first ploughing. Apply the fertilizer mixture in the shallow furrows made in the sowing channels and cover it with soil. Take care while application of Nitrogen. It should be applied in two equal doses; 1/2 at land preparation, and another one at about one month o the plantation.

Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 30, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60

Seed required for Pumpkin Farming.

Seed required for sowing one hectare farm land is in between 2.5 Kg. and 3.0 Kg.

Seed Treatment for Pumpkin Farming.

Before sowing treat seed with Carbendizim@2gm/kg of seeds. After chemical treat seeds with Trichoderma viiridi@4gm per kg of seeds. Dry seeds in shade and then do sowing immediately.

Best varieties for Pumpkin Farming.

Arka Chandan, Pusa vishwash, Pusa Vikash, Pusa Hybrid-1, Co-1, Co-2, Solan Badami, Thar Kavi, Kashi Harit, Ambilli

Pumpkin Farming

Best cultivation practices for Pumpkin Farming.

To control the weeds, frequent weeding or earthing up operation is required. Weeding is done with the help of hoe or by hands. First weeding is done after 2-3 weeks of seed sowing. In total 3-4 weedings are required to make the field weed free.

Pumpkin grown very fast and vines elongates rapidly within two weeks after planting. Thereafter ,the plant sends out lateral stem. Usually pumpkin is grown trailing on the ground. For trailing them,spread dried twigs on the ground.

- Advertisement -
KrishiHub

Written by KrishiHub

Technology-driven Agricultural ecosystem for Indian farmers
You've successfully subscribed to KrishiHub Agri Library
Great! Next, complete checkout to get full access to all premium content.
Welcome back! You've successfully signed in.
Unable to sign you in. Please try again.
Success! Your account is fully activated, you now have access to all content.
Success! Your billing info is updated.
Billing info update failed.