Pomegranate Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Pomegranate Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Climate information for Pomegranate Farming.

Pomegranate grows well in temperate tropical and subtropical climatic conditions. The optimum temperature for pomegranate is 34 to 36 degree Celsius. Pomegranate requires rainfall of 500 to 800 millimeter.

In India, it is mostly grown in Maharashtra.

It can tolerate frost but it cannot survive below 11-degree Celsius temperature. Pomegranate is tolerant of drought conditions and suitable for cultivation in arid zones.

Pomegranate Farming

Soil requirement for Pomegranate Farming.

It grows well in sandy loam to deep loam soil and can also be grown on a wide variety of soils. The ideal pH of the soil is 6.5 to 7.5.

Pomegranate is tolerant to salinity and alkalinity and grows best in alluvial soils.

Recommended sowing dates for Pomegranate Farming.

Planting of pomegranate is mainly performed in December-January month. The planting can also be performed in Feb-march and July-August depending upon the bahar. Pomegranate air layering is practiced mostly in the rainy season.

Land preparation for Pomegranate Farming.

Pomegranate cultivation requires fine tilth soil. To obtain the desired tilth the land must be ploughed two to three times. Harrowing must be performed after ploughing and planking should be done to level the land. To prepare orchard pits must be dug with dimensions 60cm×60cm×60cm.

Pomegranate Farming

Sowing methods and tips for Pomegranate Farming.

Pomegranate is cultivated by using cuttings and air layering (Gootee). The cuttings should be 25 to 30 cm long having 4 to 5 buds. For air layering shoots of length 45 to 60 cm are selected which are of pencil thickness and obtained from 1-2 years old trees. The cuttings are placed in pits of dimensions 60cm × 60cm ×60cm at a spacing of 5cm for planting pomegranate. The pits are treated with 50-gram Carbaryl to keep away termites. 20 kilogram of farmyard manure and one kilogram SSP is mixed with the topsoil dug out of the pit and filled back into the pits.

Ideal spacing is 5 meter × 5 meters for a square system of planting.

Pomegranate Farming

Irrigation requirement for Pomegranate Farming.

Irrigation should be applied immediately after planting. First irrigation should be given at a weekly interval. Irrigation by check basin system is adopted in orchards. Drip irrigation is recommended because it saves more water and gives more yield. Nearly 50 cubic meters of water is required per hectare per day in the summer season.

Fertilizer requirement for Pomegranate Farming.

For one-year-old plants, 5 kilograms of farmyard manure is required per plant. Urea should be given initially 50 gram per plant in two split doses. The quantity of urea is increased up to 250 gram per plant when the plant attains 5 years of age. SSP should be applied 150 gram initially and after 5 years the dose should be increased up to 900 gram per plant. The dosage of MOP should be 90 gram in the first year which can be increased up to 200 grams after 5 years for each plant.

Planting material requirement for  Pomegranate Farming.

For planting pomegranate in the orchard, nearly 600-650 plants are required per hectare.

Seed treatment for Pomegranate Farming.

The cuttings are dipped in Indole butyric acid solution at the rate of 1000ppm for enhancing rooting.

Pomegranate Farming

Best seed varieties for Pomegranate Farming.

  • Bhagava- Also known as sinduri, this variety produces large-sized fruits with bold and soft seeds. The variety is tolerant to fruit spots and thrips. The average yield per plant is 14 kilogram.
  • Mridula-  Mridula is developed by hybridization between Ganesh and red Russian variety. The variety of producers dark red colored arils in Ambe and Mrig bahar. The fruits from this variety weigh nearly 250 to 300 grams.
  • Jalore Seedless- the fruits are reddish in color whereas the arils are pinkish-red colored. The seeds produced by this variety are soft. It is mostly suitable for cultivation in arid zones. The fruits weigh nearly 200 gram.
  • Ganesh-  this variety bears medium-sized fruits. The appearance of the fruit is yellow in color with a red tinge. The seeds have pinkish aril with sweet juice. The average yield is 8 to 10 kilogram per tree.

Best cultivation practices for Pomegranate Farming

  • Apply Mancozeb at the rate of 2 gram per liter or Carbendazim to avoid fruit rot or leaf spot.
  • Grow tolerant varieties or spray calcium hydroxide to prevent fruit cracking in pomegranate.
  • Pruning should be done in the orchards to remove dead and diseased plants. The proper shape should be given to the growing plant so that it can bear fruits.
  • Pomegranate can be intercropped with pulses and legumes in irrigated areas.
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