Climate Information for Pointed gourd Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Pointed gourd is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 30 to 35 Celsius, with average rainfall between 100 cm. to 250 cm.
This perennial plant grows best in warm to hot humid climates and does not tolerate frost and extreme cold condition.
Suitable soil for Pointed gourd Farming.
Pointed gourd can be grown on alluvial soil, red soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, sandy soil, with pH 6.0 to 6.5.
It does not withstand waterlogging. The crop does not grow well in heavy soil but alluvial light soil. Well-drained sandy to sandy loam is good for cultivation.
Recommended Sowing Times of Pointed gourd Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in November and lasts up to December.
Kharif: Sowing starts in August and ends in October.
Land Preparation for Pointed gourd Farming.
Land should be ploughed 2-3 time until the soil reaches a fine tilth stage. Apply well rotten farmyard 20 to 25 tonnes/ha in the soil enhance the soil fertility. Hence the yield of vegetable would be high.
Sowing methods and tips for Pointed gourd Farming.
Sowing mainly carried out by propagation. The pointed gourd is usually propagated through either vine cutting or root suckers. Seed propagation is not feasible as the germination is very poor in this process.
Should have row distance between 150 - 200 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 100 to 150 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 5.0 and 6.0 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Pointed gourd Farming.
The plant should irrigate immediately after planting. Irrigation is needed generally at 20-days intervals during the winter season and every 10 days during the summer season.
Fertilizer Requirement for Pointed gourd Farming.
Half the quantity of nitrogen and a full dose of phosphorus is applied at the time of planting, with the remaining half of nitrogen applied 60 days after planting.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 69, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 90, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 40, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 40, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50
Seeds Requirements for Pointed gourd Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 1.0 Kg. and 1.2 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Pointed gourd Farming.
Before sowing seed is treated with Bavistin@0.2% @3gm/kg to protect the seeds from the soil-borne fungus.
Best Seed varieties for Pointed gourd Farming.
Swarna Rekha, Swarna Alaukik, Kashi Alankar, Rajendra Parwal -1, Rajendra parwal -2.
Best Practices for Pointed gourd Farming.
To get maximum yield in the crop, a female-male ratio of 9:1 should be maintained.
Weed control and hoeing should be carried during the initial stage of crop growth.
On post-shoot emergence, spray herbicides like Gramaxone(1.0 %) per hector along with mulching to control the weed and to ensure height yield.
Cuttings from the basal portion of vines show 90% success while terminal cuttings show high mortality. Planting of rooted vine cuttings is preferable where there is the risk of frost damage during the winter.