Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of the major project National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). Under PKVY. Organic farming is promoted and supported which is eventually aimed at the improvement of soil health. The scheme promotes the Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) and is promoted through the adoption of the organic village by the cluster approach.
The main objective of PKVY is to produce agricultural commodities free from harmful chemical and inorganic pesticides and herbicides residues by adopting environment-friendly organic farming with minimum cost technologies. Other key areas of the scheme include –
· Promotion of commercial organic production through certified organic farming.
· Providing a boost in the farmers’ income and create potential domestic as well as an export market for traders.
· Dissemination of latest technologies from lab to land by means of agricultural extension department.
· Organizing cluster demonstration, classrooms in villages for making the farmers aware of the advantages of shifting to organic farming.
It is implemented in a time frame of three years as recommended by Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) – India whose prescribed conversion period from a conventional farm to organic farm is 36 months. PKVY promotes organic farming by means of a cluster approach to adopt PGS certification. PGS certification facilitates farmers to certify their organic produce, label and market they’re one hundred per cent organic products domestically.
Implementation of the program –
The program is thought to be implemented in the following steps –
1. Groups of farmers would be motivated by properly educating them to initiate organic farming under PKVY.
2. Fifty or more than fifty farmers will construct a cluster having a total of 50 acres land to start organic farming under this scheme. In this way, during three years, ten thousand clusters will be formed covering 5,00,000 acre area under the hold of organic farming.
3. INR 4.95 lakhs will be provided for mobilization and PGS certification with a subsidy ceiling of one hectare per farmer.
4. Of the total number of farmers in a cluster, a minimum of 65 per cent of farmers should be designated as small and marginal farmers.
5. At least 30% of the budget should be allocated exclusively for women farmers.
6. The certification process by PGS would be absolutely free and no liability of expenditure on this matter can be laid upon the farmers whatsoever.
7. Every farmer will be provided with INR 20,000 per acre in three years for buying seeds, harvesting crops and transporting the agricultural produce to the markets.
8. Traditional resources will be used for the promotion of organic products and the commodities will be linked to the domestic markets free of cost.
9. An overall amount of domestic production and certification of organic products will be increased with the actual involvement of the farmers.
Year of initiation – 2015
Initiated by – Government of India
Ministry – Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare
Official website – www.pgsindia-ncof.gov.in