Climate information for Red Okra Farming.
The okra being a warm-season crop, is highly susceptible to first. Seed germination is best at a temperature between 25 to 30 degree Celsius and fail below 17 degrees Celsius. It grows well in the rainfall areas of 80 to 100cm per annum.
The crop thrives beat during warm and moist climate, although it grows fairly well in the hot summer too. When the day temperature exceeds 42-degree Celsius, there are flower drops.
Suitable soil required for Red Okra Farming.
Okra can be grown in sandy to clay soil which is well managed in terms of fertility and drainage. Neutral to slightly alkaline soil is ideally suited. It can be grown in heavy soil with a proper drainage system. The pH of the soil should be 6.0 to 6.5.
The crop cannot withstand alkaline, saline and poor drainage soil.
Recommended sowing dates for Red Okra Farming.
Spring summer - Sowing starts in the month of February to lasts up to March. Whereas the late sowing variety can be sow in the month of June to July.
Hilly regions - Sowing starts in the month of May a nd lasts up to June.
South India - Throughout the year.
Land preparation for Red Okra Farming.
One deep ploughing during summer followed by 2-3 light ploughing are sufficient to obtain the tilth. Level the soil at the time of the last ploughing. You can also grow okra in the broader of main crops. Apply well decomposed cowdung@220-240 qtl/ha in the soil at the time of land preparation.
Sowing methods and tips for Red Okra Farming.
Since the spring-summer crop needs more care, the seed should preferably be dibbled 15 cm apart, on ridges made at 45 cm apart. The ridge should run South to North and the seed should be sown on the side of the ridge facing East.
The main or the rainy season crops can be sown in the flatbeds at a distance of 45-60 x 25 - 30 cm. For commercial or large scale or economical production, the seed rate has to be increased from 10 to 15 kg/ha.
Irrigation systems for Red Okra Farming.
In summer farming you are required to have pre-sowing irrigation to ensure good germination. The spring-summer crop needs irrigation after every 4- 5 days but the frequency of irrigation in the rainy - season (10 - 12 days ) crop depends upon the rains and field moisture.
Fertilizer requirements for Red Okra Farming.
The fertilizer application depends upon the season, climate conditions and soil fertility. However, in general, 20- 30 tones of well-decomposed FYM,100 kg/ha Nitrogen, 60 Kg/ha - phosphorus, 50kg/ha - potassium are sufficient. FYM should be thoroughly mixed in the soil at the time of field preparation. The complete dose of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer and ⅓ rd of nitrogen fertilizer should be applied at the last ploughing. The remaining dose of nitrogen fertilizer should be applied in two split doses; the first to be top-dressed one month after sowing and the second two months after sowing. However, in the areas where high rainfall occurs through the rainy season, the nitrogen should be applied in 4-5 split doses so that loss of nitrogen through leaching can be avoided.
Seed Rate for Red Okra Farming.
The okra seed rate varies according to the sowing season. For a spring-summer crop about 20 kg seed of okra /ha is required whereas, 8-10 kg seed/ha is sufficient for the rainy season crop. Low and rather erratic germination of seed during February - March (due to low temperature) demands a higher seed rate for the spring-summer crop.
Seed treatment For Red Okra Farming.
Soaking of okra seed in water for 24 hours before sowing is recommended to enhance germination performance. To prevent damping off and fusarium wilt in the okra seedlings treat the okra seeds with captan or Thiram @ 3g/kg before sowing.
Best seed varieties for Green Okra Farming.
Pusa Sawani - It takes 50 days from sowing to a marketable stage. It is resistant to the yellow Vein Mosaic Virus.
Pusa Makhmali - Susceptible to Yellow Vein Mosaic Virus. It takes 50 days from sowing to a marketable stage.
Arka Anamika - It takes 50 days from sowing to a marketable stage. Produces 110 - 120 l quintal green pods/ha.
Arka Abhay - Fruits are light green and leaves yellowish . Flowering starts 45-50 days after sowing and picking starts 55-60 days after sowing. Tolerant to fruit borer and resistance to YVMV. Yields 100-110 quintal green pods/ha.
Shitla Uphar - Flowering starts in 38-40 days after sowing on 4-5 nodes. Fruits are green, 11-13 cm long at marketable stage and yield 150-170 q/ha.
Shitla Jyoti - Suitable for warm humid climate with relatively long day length. Flowering starts in 30-40 days after sowing at 4-5 nodes. Fruits are green, 12-14 c, long at marketable stage, yield 180-200 quintal/ha.
Red Okra Varieties for Farming.
- https://bit.ly/3mlnMGy (Flipkart)
- https://bit.ly/3miTAM4 (agrikendra)
- https://bit.ly/39JjQKv (BigHaat)
- https://bit.ly/3uAKIVl (Green My Life)
- https://bit.ly/31L3lJs (indiamart)
Best practices for Red Okra Farming.
- Pre- Planting application of Fluchloralin @0.5-1.0 kg/ha four days before sowing or Trifluraline @0.5 - 1.0 kg/ha or Alachlo @1-2 kg/ha one day after sowing have been recommended to check weeds.
- Crop rotation with cereals and low land paddy will help in the disease management.
- Okra sowing should be completed latest by first week of July.
- Summer ploughing for desiccation of nematode larvae and soil pathogen.
- To prevent Root Knot nematode apply neem cake @ 20 -25 g/ha in soil.