Climate Information for Muskmelon Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Muskmelon is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 18 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 50 cm. to 75 cm.
Dry weather with clear sunshine during ripening ensure a high sugar content, better flavors and a high percentage of marketable fruits. High humidity increases the incidence of diseases, particularly those affecting foliage. Cool nights and warm days are ideal for the accumulation of sugar in the fruits. Lighter soil which warms up quickly in spring are usually utilized for early yield and in heavier soils, the vine growth will be more and fruit maturity will be delayed.
Suitable soil for Muskmelon Farming.
Muskmelon can be grown on alluvial soil.
It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, loamy soil, with pH 6.0 to 7.0.
It gives the best result when grown on well-drained loam soil. Soil having poor drainage capacity is not suited for Muskmelon cultivation. Follow crop rotation as the continuous growth of the same crop on the same field leads loss of nutrients, poor yield and more disease attack.
Recommended Sowing Times for Muskmelon Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in November and lasts up to February
Land Preparation for Muskmelon Farming.
Plough the field to a fine tilth and form long channels at 2.5 m apart.
Sowing methods and tips for Muskmelon Farming.
Sowing can be done by the dibbling method and transplanting methods.
Transplanting methods: Sow seeds in a polythene bag of 15cm x 12cm size with a thickness of 100 gauge in last week of January or first week of February. Fill polythene bag with an equal proportion of well rotten cow dung and soil. Seedlings are ready for transplantation by end of February or first week of March. Transplantation is done for 25-30 days old seedling.
Dibbling methods: Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the holes.
Irrigation Methods for Muskmelon Farming.
Apply irrigation, every week in the summer season. At time of maturity give irrigation only when needed. Avoid over flooding in muskmelon field. During application of irrigation, do not wet the vines or vegetative parts, especially during flowering and fruit-set. For better sweetness and flavor, stop irrigation or reduce watering 3-6days before harvesting.
Fertilizer Requirement for Muskmelon Farming.
Apply the whole amount of Phosphorus, Potash and one-third amount of Nitrogen before sowing seed. Apply a remaining dose of Nitrogen near vines base, avoid touching it and mixed well in the soil during the initial growth period. When the crop is of 10-15 days old, for good growth of crop along with good quality, take spray of 19:19:19+Micro-nutrients@ 2-3gm/Ltr of water.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60
Seeds Requirements for Muskmelon Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 3.0 Kg. and 3.2 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Muskmelon Farming.
Before sowing treat seed with Carbendazim@2gm/kg of seeds. After chemical treatment, treat the seeds with Trichoderma viride@4gm per kg of seeds. Dry seeds in shade and then do sowing immediately.
Best Seed varieties for Muskmelon Farming.
Arka Jeet, Arka Rajhans, MH 10, Pusa madhurima, MH-27, MH-51, Punjab Sunehri, Hara Madhu, Punjab Hybrid
Best Practices for Muskmelon Farming.
Keep bed weed-free during the early stage of growth. In absence of proper control measures, weed can cause yield loss of 30%. 15-20days after sowing carry out intercultural operations. Depending upon the severity and intensity of weeds, two to three weeding are required.
Muskmelons respond well to the application of black plastic mulch to control weeds and early-season insects. Apply the mulch two to three weeks before you plant the melons, making holes for the seeds or seedlings.
The mulch helps protect the plants from early-season cold spells, and unless it gets extremely hot, you do not have to remove it until the plants begin to flower.
Biodegradable pots are necessary because muskmelon seedlings grow poorly if their roots are disturbed. Plant in mounds or hills or in rows that are five feet apart.
Mounds should be 24 inches across and four to six feet apart. When the seedlings on a mound develop three or four leaves, use scissors to cut the three or four weakest seedlings level to the ground. Space the seedlings 18 to 24 inches apart in rows.