Green Gram Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Green Gram Farming in India: What, Why and How?
green gram farming

Climate Information for Green gram Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Green gram is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 25 to 35 Celsius, with average rainfall between 85 cm. to 100 cm.

Best climatic condition for green gram is warm and moderately humid. Heavy rains at flowering are harmful, even moist winds at this stage interfere with fertilization. Green gram is a thermosensitive crop, if the temperature is less than the ideal range then it will affect shoot length of the crop.

Suitable soil for Green gram Farming.

Green gram can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil, red soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture loamy soil, sandy loam, with pH 6.0 to 7.5.

Green gram cannot be grown on alkaline and saline soils. Phosphate nutrients are very important for pulse crops, decrease in the availability of phosphate will result in lower crop production. Therefore, Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB) Biofertilizer should be used to increase the availability of phosphate in the soil.

Recommended Sowing Times for Green gram Farming.

Rabi: Sowing starts in September and lasts up to October.

Kharif: Sowing starts in June and ends in July

Land Preparation for  Green gram Farming.

Green Gram Farming

2-3 ploughing is required for preparing the soil and bringing the soil to a fine tilth. Carry out planking after each ploughing. Try to remove the weeds from the field while preparing the soil. Apply all the fertilizers while ploughing or tilling the soil.

Sowing methods and tips for  Green gram Farming.

Sowing methods should be done by drill/pora/kera methods are used.

Drilling method: Drilling method is exclusive to India. In this method, one person ploughs a hole in the land and the other person sows the seed. Ox is the most commonly used ‘person’ to plough the land.

Kera method /pora method: When the seed is dropped in furrows by hand, it is called kera method and when it is dropped through a pora or nai (a wooden structure), it is called pora method.

Should have row distance between 22 - 28 cm.

Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 7 to 10 cm.

Seed depth should be in between 4.0 and 5.0 cm.

Green Gram Farming

Irrigation Methods for Green gram Farming.

Being Kharif crop green gram is not required irrigation unless there is dry spell during the Kharif season. In summer irrigation should be given according to soil type. Irrigation interval should be 8-10 days in summer. Flowering and pod filling are the critical stages for irrigation.

Fertilizer Requirement for Green gram Farming.

Manuring with phosphorus (P2O5) and nitrogen (N) should be given at the time sowing. Also seed treatment with biofertilizer viz. Rhizobium at the rate of 25 gram per kg of seed is beneficial.

Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 12, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 25, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 25, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 0, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 0

Green Gram Farming

Seeds Requirements for Green gram Farming.

Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 16.0 Kg. and 18.0 Kg.

Seed Treatment for Green gram Farming.

Before sowing it is advised to process seed with 2.5 gm. Thiram and 1 gram Carbendazim or 5-10 grams of Trichoderma per kg seed. These results in good germination and disease free growth.

Best Seed varieties for  Green gram Farming.

Moong Janapriya (HUM–6), Moha (IPM-99-125), Pusa Vishal, Malawi Jyoti (HUM-1), TMV-37, Malviya Jan Chetna (HUM-12), Malviya Awakening (H.) U.M.-2), Narendra Moong–1, Samrat(P.D.M.-139), HUM-16, IPM-2-3, KM-2241

Best Practices for Green gram Farming.

Always use disease-free seed, if not then do seed treatment because mostly in green gram disease occur due to use of disease affected seeds.

As soon as sowing and irrigation are done weedicide should be applied at the rate of 2ml. per liter.

Can use a foliar spray of DAP 20 g/liter or urea 20 g/liters once at flowering and another at 20 days thereafter.

Apply KCl at 0.5% as a foliar spray during vegetative stage i.e. after 30 days.

Plant density should not increase above 30-35 sq. per meter. If it exceeds these limits then it will create favorable condition for pest and disease.

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