Climate Information for Mint Farming.
Mint cultivation requires a temperature of nearly 20 to 40 degree Celsius. Rainfall requirement of 100-110cm is required.
Partial shade is required by the mind for better growth.
Suitable Soil for Mint Farming.
Mint requires loam to sandy loam or deep soils with high organic content for better growth. Well-drained soil is ideal with a pH range of 6.5 to 8.
In the case of acidic soils below 5.5 pH liming should be done.
Recommended sowing times for Mint Farming.
Mint cultivation is usually practiced during February to march. As well as the stolon's are cut from December to January.
Land preparation for Mint Farming.
Mint acquires a fine tilth seedbed for its cultivation. Farmyard manure or compost should also be added to ensure high fertility in the field.
Sowing methods and tips for Mint Farming.
Mint is propagated by the vegetative method. The suckers of 10 to 15cm length are planted into the soil. The suckers should be planted with a spacing of 40cm × 60cm. When sowing by seeds, seeds are sown 0.65 cm deep in light moist soil. They germinate within 10-15 days. Once seedlings germinate, water them regularly every week. Since the seeds are very minute, they can also be sown in portrays to ensure proper germination. Once they germinate, transfer them to soil
Irrigation methods for Mint Farming.
Mint has a high water requirement. It requires nearly 12 irrigations at 15 days interval during the summer season as well as nearly 7 irrigations during the autumn season. Sprinkler irrigation is mostly preferred to avoid water stagnation. Mint grown in the temperate climate requires less irrigation.
Fertilizer Requirements for Mint Farming.
25 tonnes of well-decomposed farmyard manure is required per hectare of the field during planting. 125:45:60 kg NPK is required per hectare. Entire Phosphorus and Potassium are given as basal dose along with one-fifth of Nitrogen. The remaining nitrogen is given as top dressing in split doses. Zinc can be applied @20 kg per hectare in form of znso4. Sulphur at the rate of 20 kilograms per hectare increases oil content in the crop.
Seeds Requirements for Mint Farming.
10 to 15cm length suckers weighing nearly 450-500 kilogram are required per hectare land.
Seed Treatment for Mint Farming.
No seed treatment is required since Mint seeds are very minute in size and their germination percentage is fairly high.
Best Varieties of Mint Farming.
- Japanese mint-(MAS0-1) - It is a variety developed in Lucknow containing 0.8 to 1 per cent oil content with 81% menthol content.
- Peppermint -(kukrel)- It is a high yielding variety. The foliage density is high as well as the menthol content is also more. The essential oil ranges from 0.4 to 0.6 %.
- Shivalik- This variety grows best in Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. It contains 65-70% menthol. Gives an average yield of 120 quintals/acre and yields nearly 72 kg/acre oil yield.
Best cultivation practices for Mint Farming.
Crop rotation- Mint crop should be followed in rotation with potato, rice, vegetable to avoid weed growth and increase the fertility of the soil.
Drainage- Mint requires well-drained soil for its growth. Adequate drainage should be done in the field for proper growth.
Thinning- After the emergence of seedlings, thinning should be done to obtain the optimum plant population.
Removal of damaged leaves from mint plants should be done to avoid further damage. Pinching of upper buds to increase foliage.