Climate Information for Malabar Spinach Farming.
It requires a warm, frost free and moist season. The optimum range of temperature is 25- 32 degree Celsius.
Suitable soil for Malabar Spinach Farming.
It can grow on a wide variety of soil but prefers well manured and drained sandy loam acidic soil.
Land Preparation for Malabar Spinach Farming.
3-4 ploughing is required to bring the soil to a line tilth and pulverize. Add well-decomposed cow dung of 25 t/ha and mix well in soils at the time of land preparation.
Recommended Sowing Times for Malabar Spinach Farming.
The optimum sowing time is from March to May in Northern and Eastern plains, March- April for hills and June and October- November for Southern parts of India.
Seeds Requirements for Malabar Spinach Farming.
About 12-15 kg seed is sufficient to raise the crop in one hectare area. Malabar Spinach can also be propagated through stem or root cuttings which is preferable and commonly followed.
Sowing methods and tips for Malabar Spinach Farming.
About 40-45 cm long cuttings are planted before the onset of monsoon at a spacing of 30-40 cm. Sowing should be trained on the poles or trellis then the spacing should be 45-60 x30 cm.
Fertilizer Requirement for Malabar Spinach Farming.
Apply 200-300 quintal well decomposed FYM or compost/ha at the time of filed preparation. It is essential to supply 60-80 kg N, 40-60 kg each of phosphorus and potassium/ha to raise the healthy crop. Phosphorus and potassium are applied as basal doses whereas, N in two to three split doses.
Irrigation Methods for Malabar Spinach Farming.
Depending upon the type of soil and season of cultivation it requires 5-6 irrigations. Avoid stagnation of water in the field. Frequent irrigation promotes quick growth of plants.
Best varieties for Malabar Spinach Farming.
There are two types of cultivars available for its cultivation, viz.,
- B.rubra. L. var. Rubra :Cultivars with radish leaves, petioles and stem.
- B. rubra L. var. Alba : Cultivars with green leaves, petioles and stem such cultivars are commercially cultivated.
Best Practice for Malabar Spinach Farming.
- Being a climbing plant it requires support. Therefore, plants are allowed to be trained on the poles, pandas or trellises.
- Keep the weeds under control by timely hoeing and weddings to overcome the competition with crops.
Harvesting and yield of Malabar Spinach Farming.
About 60-70 days after sowing the crop is ready for harvesting. The crop raised from stem or root cutting takes about 45 days to harvest. A total yield of 150-200 quintal is obtained from one hectare land area.