Climate Information for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Bottle gourd is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 20 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 20 cm. to 30 cm.
It requires a hot and moist climate for cultivation.
Suitable soil for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Bottle gourd can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil. It yields best if it’s grown in soil having texture sandy loam with pH 5.8 to 6.8. It can be cultivated in the wild rage of soil.
Recommended Sowing Time for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Kharif: Sowing starts from June and lasts up to July
Zaid: Sowing start from February and end in March
Land Preparation for Bottle Gourd Farming.
For bottle gourd farming, well-prepared land is used. To bring the soil to a fine tilth, ploughing followed by harrowing is done. Irrigation channels should be prepared according to the slop of the field to irrigate the sowing channels. The shallow furrow is made in the sowing channel at the bottom of the ridges with the help of a pickaxe.
Sowing Methods and Tips for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Sowing should be done by the dibbling method. Dibbling method: Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as ‘Dibbler’. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the holes.
Should have row distance between 200 – 300 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 40 to 60 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 2.0 and 3.0 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Bottle Gourd Farming.
First irrigation should be given immediately after sowing. In summer season 7-8 irrigation is required and in rainy season if needed then irrigation is given. In total, 10-11 irrigation is required.
Fertilizer Requirements for Bottle Gourd Farming.
The first dose of nitrogen is given at the time of sowing and the second dose of nitrogen is given at the time of first picking.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 40, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 30, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60
Seed Requirements for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 4.0 Kg. and 5.0 Kg.
Seeds Treatment for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Before sowing seed is treated with Bavistin@0.2% @3gm/kg to protect the seeds from the soil-borne fungus.
Best Seed Varieties For Bottle Gourd Farming.
Arka Bahar, Pusa Naveen, Pusa sandesh, Pusa Santushi, Pusa Meghdoot, Pusa Manjari, PUsa Hybrid -3, Punjab Round, Punjab Komal, Punjab Long, Kashi Long, Kashi Ganga, Kashi Bahar
Best Practices for Bottle Gourd Farming.
Thinning of plants should be done 10-15 days after sowing retaining only 2 healthy seedlings in each hill.
To control the weeds, 2-3 hoeing is required at the initial stages of plant growth. Weeding operations are carried out at the time of fertilizer application. Earthing up is also an effective way which should be carried out in the rainy season.