Climate information for Kidney bean Farming.
Kidney bean cultivation is mostly practiced in tropical areas. The optimum temperature required for the cultivation of kidney beans is 15 to 30 degree Celsius. The average rainfall required by kidney beans for its growth is very less up to 200mm.
In India, kidney bean cultivation is practiced mostly in Uttar Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Soil required for kidney bean Farming.
Kidney bean cultivation can be practiced on a wide variety of soils. Best growth is observed on well-drained loamy soils. The ideal pH of the soil should range from 5.5 to 6.
Kidney beans cannot survive in saline soils and waterlogged conditions. The soil should be rich in organic matter for obtaining better yield.
Recommended sowing dates Kidney bean Farming.
Kharif season- the seeds should be sown from May-June.
Rabi season- from October to November.
Spring season- from February to March.
Land preparation for Kidney bean Farming.
For cultivating kidney beans the field must be deep ploughed two to three times and followed by harrowing to obtain a fine tilth. During last ploughing farmyard manure at the rate of 50 tons per hectare must be incorporated in the field to increase the organic matter content and soil fertility in the field. Drainage channels must be made in the field to prevent waterlogging conditions. Along with this, drench the soil with carbendazim or copper oxychloride @ 20 gram per liter of water to control wilting and root rot disease.
Sowing methods and tips for Kidney bean Farming.
The seeds can be shown by drilling or dibbling methods. In the line sowing method, the seeds are placed in the field with the help of a seed drill.
The spacing for Kidney bean cultivation should be kept 45- 60 cm ×10- 15 cm.
The seeds must be sown at a depth of 5-6cm.
Irrigation requirement for Kidney bean Farming.
Before sowing the field must be in the moist condition to enhance germination. The critical stages for water requirement are bud initiation, flowering and pod development. During the vegetative growth of plants, nearly 5 to 6 irrigations are required at 20-25 days intervals. Overwatering should be avoided as the plant is susceptible to waterlogging.
Fertilizer requirement for Kidney bean Farming.
Farmyard manure at the rate of 50 tonnes per hectare is required during field preparation. The recommended dose of NPK is 100:80:50 kilogram per hectare. Half amount of nitrogen is applied as a basal dose and the remaining amount is given as top dressing. Applied 25 kilogram znso4 per hectare.
Minimum 40 and a maximum of 120 kilograms of Nitrogen can be applied per hectare. For Phosphorus, minimum 25 and maximum 100 kilograms can be applied in the field. Minimum 20-kilogram potassium and maximum of 60-kilogram potassium can be applied in the field.
Seed requirement for Kidney bean Farming.
The seed rate for kidney bean cultivation is 60-75 kg per hectare.
Seed treatment for Kidney bean Farming.
Before sowing, the seeds must be treated with a fungicide such as thiram or Captan at the rate 2-3 gram per kilogram of seeds. The seeds must be then shade dried for 30 minutes and sown afterwards.
Best seed varieties for Kidney bean Farming.
- Varun - This variety is suitable for cultivation in Maharashtra region. The average yield by this variety is 16 to 17 quintal per hectare.
- Gujarat R-1- This variety is suitable for cultivation in Gujarat and yields up to 14 quintals per hectare.
- Pusa early prolific- This variety is developed by IARI, New Delhi. It is a high yielding and early maturing variety.
Best cultivation practices for Kidney bean Farming.
- Apply pre-emergence herbicide such as pendimethalin or fluchloralin at the rate of 2.5 liters per hectare to control weeds.
- To control thrips apply blue sticky traps @ 15 per hectare along with spraying of imidacloprid at the rate 1 ml per liter of water.
- Mite infestation is observed in Kidney beans. To control this, spray chlorfenapyr or abamectin @ 15 ml per liter.
- Apply wettable sulphur at the rate of 20 gram per liter of water at an interval of 10 to 12 days to avoid powdery mildew infestation.