Climate information for Jasmine Farming.
It is a tropical crop and grows well in moderately humid conditions. The ideal temperature for Jasmine plant growth is 18 to 22-degree Celsius. Jasmine requires an annual rainfall of 800 to 1000 mm.
In India Jasmine is grown in areas of warm summer and mild winter. Jasmine grows well in humid conditions.
Suitable soil for Jasmine Farming.
Well-drained sandy loam and red loam soil is required for Jasmine farming. The soil must have pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.5. In case of heavy soils, the plant shows increased vegetative growth rather than flowering.
Flowering is reduced if Jasmine is cultivated in clayey soils. Jasmine thrives well in moist soil conditions. It cannot survive in water-logged conditions.
Recommended sowing dates for Jasmine Farming.
Kharif- Jasmine can be planted almost round the year but the ideal time for planting is during monsoon season during July to August in North India.
Rabi- Sowing between July to December in South India.
Land preparation for Jasmine Farming.
The soil should be allowed thoroughly and weeds must be removed before planting. After obtaining a soil of good tilth, pits of the 45-meter cube are dug one month before planting and exposed to sunlight for soil solarization. These pits are then filled with farmyard manure, soil and sand in the ratio of 2:1:1 before planting along with 10 gram BHC per pit to avoid the attack of termites.
Sowing methods and tips for Jasmine Farming.
Jasmine is cultivated by vegetative propagation through cuttings and layers.
Cuttings which are nearly 20 to 25 cm long having 3 to 4 notes are planted in the soil at a depth of 5 cm. To enhance the rooting in cuttings, indole butyric acid or naphthalene acetic acid is applied at the rate of 5000ppm. Layering is practiced during June-July and October-November. The layers can be planted within 90 to 120 days.
The spacing between each cutting is nearly 1.2- 2 m ×1.2-1.5m depending upon the planted.
Irrigation required for Jasmine Farming.
The critical period for irrigation is during flowering. The plant requires irrigation every 3 to 4 days to obtain high yield flowers. In summer flooding irrigation can also be practiced. Irrigation should be stopped after flowering. Jasmine gives a high yield in low rainfall conditions.
Fertilizer requirement for Jasmine Farming.
After planting, each plant requires 10 to 12 Kilogram of farmyard manure. The ratio of recommended NPK varies with variety planted in the field. In general, the ratio of NPK is 60:120:120 grams per plant in 2 to 3 split doses along with organic manures like neem cake, groundnut oil cake applied at the rate of 100 gram per plant. Zinc sulphate 0.25% and magnesium sulphate 0.5% can be applied as a foliar spray to increase flower yield. For iron deficiency, 0.5% FeSO4 should be sprayed.
A minimum of 60 g/per plant and maximum 20g/per plant of nitrogen should be applied. A minimum of 120g/per plant and a maximum 240g/per plant of phosphorus should be applied. For Potassium a minimum of 120 gram per plant and a maximum of 240 gram per plant potassium should be given.
Seeds Requirements for jasmine Farming.
Nearly 4,000 to 4500 cuttings are required to plant Jasmine in one hectare.
Seed Treatment for Jasmine Farming.
The cuttings are dipped into rooting hormones such as Indole butyric acid or Indole acetic acid or Naphthalene acetic acid before planting @ 5000 ppm to allow faster development of roots.
If propagation is done by seeds then seeds are soaked in water 24 hours before planting.
Best seed varieties for Jasmine Farming.
- Parimullai - The variety has medium round buds and falls under the Juhi category. The average duration of this variety is about nine months. It gives a yield of 8 tons per hectare and is resistant to gall mite.
- CO-1- It is categorized under chameli. This variety is released by TNAU, Coimbatore and is suitable for loose flower production and oil extraction. The average yield is about 10 tonnes per hectare.
- Arka Surabhi- This variety is released by IIHR, Bangalore. It produces bold pink buds with long tubes. Average yield is 10 tons per hectare.
- Gundumalli- It belongs to mogra species. The flowers are round and fragrant. The average yield is 8 tonnes per hectare.
Best practices for Jasmine Farming-
- Pruning- the leaves are pruned every 2 years in the month of December to January in Jasminum sambac, February to march in Jasminum auriculatum and in August to September in Jasminum multiflorum. All the branches up to a height of 45 to 50 cm from the ground level are pruned. Water sprinkling is done till flower birds appear.
- Mulching in Jasmine farming controls the weed population and also conserves water.
- Leaf blight and wilt disease are most common in Jasmine. To control it spray the plants with Bordeaux mixture.