Climate Information for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Ivy Gourd is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 21 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 20 cm. to 60 cm.
Full sunlight is a need for the proper growth of the plants. It can also be grown in partial sunlight. In either case, the crop must not be exposed to extreme climatic conditions. It can tolerate some cold, and dry climate. But won’t survive in extreme conditions such as regular heavy rainfalls and extreme cold and frost.
Suitable soil for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Ivy Gourd can be grown on alluvial soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy soil, loamy soil, with pH 6.0 to 6.5.
Well-draining, loose and porous soil mix is ideal when growing it in containers. Avoid very poor drainage.
Recommended Sowing Times of Ivy Gourd Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in February and lasts up to March.
Kharif: Sowing starts in June and ends in July.
Land Preparation for Ivy Gourd Farming.
The land is ploughed to a fine tilth and the soil is tested for nutrients. The plant needs bamboo sticks for support to grow like a vine. Once the land is ready, add about 25 tons of FYM.
Sowing methods and tips for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Sowing is mainly carried out by the propagation method.
Propagation method: The crop is propagated through stem cuttings mainly that are 20 cm long and 20 cm in thickness. The cuttings can have about 4 – 5 leaves and about 2 – 3 cuttings are planted 6 cm deep in basins of 60 cm diameter. The distance between the basins is 2 m. The ratio of female and male plant population in a field is 10:1. Since Kundru is a perennial crop, replanting is done every 4 years.
Irrigation Methods for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Water regularly as gourd prefers moist soil over dry. The crop is irrigated immediately after planting. Summer seasons require light irrigation once a week. Rainy seasons do not require irrigation. Drip irrigation is found useful to maintain adequate water moisture during the flowering stage. It is sensitive to waterlogging, hence ensure the soil is well-drained.
Fertilizer Requirement for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Fertilizer is added annually at the fruiting or flowering stages.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 35, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 40
Seeds Requirements for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 0.5 Kg. and 0.6 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Before sowing seed is treated with Bavistin@0.2% @3gm/kg to protect the seeds from the soil-borne fungus.
Best Seed varieties for Ivy Gourd Farming.
Kashi Bharpoor, Indira Kundru-5, Indira Kundru-35, Sulabha
Best Practices for Ivy Gourd Farming.
After each time fertilizer is applying, light irrigation must be given. Application of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus in the right amounts is very important. To avoid micronutrients deviancy, a proper quantity of micronutrients must also be applied.
For support, the plant Install a climbing frame, stake or pole nearby the planting site from the beginning, or it’ll find the way on its own, trampling one of your favorite shrubs or covering the tree.
Weeding and hoeing are usually done during the early phase of the plant growth to avoid weeds. This crop is affected by aphids, whiteflies, trips, and mites. Sulabha is the best variety to grow as it is not affected by pests and diseases.
It overgrows and can turn invasive if left unchecked. So, it’s important that you prune off the stems that are growing out of limit. Make sure that the pruning shear is sharp and well-oiled.
As the plants are perennial, replanting is recommended after every 4 years.