Climate Information for Horse gram Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Horse gram is high humid and required temperature should range from 25 to 38 Celsius, with average rainfall between 70 cm. to 85 cm.
The horse gram plants grow well in warm and dry climatic conditions. The plants are extremely drought tolerant and they require less care. Although the plants can’t grow well on higher altitudes, mainly because of the wet and cool climate.
Suitable soil for Horse gram Farming.
Horse gram can be grown on alluvial soil, arid soil, red soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy soil, silt soil, with pH 6.0 to 7.0.
The plants are relatively tolerant to low to moderate salinity levels. The horse gram plants are completely intolerant of frost and they are sensitive to becoming waterlogged. The plants also prefer access to full sun. The soil must be well-drained.
Recommended Sowing Times for Horse gram Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in October and lasts up to November.
Kharif: Sowing starts in June and ends in July.
Land Preparation for Horse gram Farming.
The crop needs minimum field preparations. Only 1 - 2 ploughings followed by planking provides desirable seedbed.
Sowing methods and tips for Horse gram Farming.
Sowing should be done by the broadcasting method.
Broadcasting method: Broadcast method generally involves the scattering of the seeds manually over a large area or in the entire field. Labor involved is very less and so is the precision.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 4 to 6 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 2.0 and 3.0 cm.
Should have row distance between 35 - 45 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Horse gram Farming.
First irrigation must be given immediately after sowing. Irrigation should be applied at critical stages such as flowering, pod formation and development.
Fertilizer Requirement for Horse gram Farming.
Foliar spray of 2% DAP and 2% KCl at Pre flowering stage enhances the yield. You can apply this fertilizer on a field after 25 to 35 days of seed sowing and the second time after 40 to 50 days.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 20, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 25, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 25, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 30, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 20, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 25
Seeds Requirements for Horse gram Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 35.0 Kg. and 40.0 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Horse gram Farming.
The seed must be treated with seed treating fungicide to reduce infection by fungal pathogens found in the soil. Horse gram seeds are treated with carbendazim (bavistin ) 2g for every kg of seeds. Biofungicide like Trichoderma viridi is recommended for pulses at the rate of 4g per kg seed. After fungicide treatment seed should be inoculated with Rhizobium and PSB culture @ 5 - 7 g/kg of seed.
Best Seed varieties for Horse gram Farming.
KS - 2, Pratap Kulthi (AK - 42), Palem - 1, Palem - 2, Paiyur - 2, PHG - 9, Paiyur - 2, PHG - 9, GPM - 6, CRIDA - 1 - 18 R, Pratab Kulthi - 1 (AK - 42), GHG - 5, VL - Gahat - 8, VL Gahat - 10, Indira Kulthi - 1, IKGH01 - 01, CO 1, Pattambi Local
Best Practices for Horse gram farming.
Due to luxuriant growth, an early weeding/hoeing is enough for weed. Application of Pendimethalin @ 0.75 - 1 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence application. After that, one hand weeding at 20 - 25 days after sowing.