Climate Information for Green peas Farming .
Best climatic conditions required for Green Pea is low humidity and required temperature should range from 15 to 28 Celsius, with average rainfall between 40 cm. to 45 cm.
At the time of seedling, a low soil temperature about 10 °C to 15 °C has required good germination take place at 12 °C to 14 °C soil temp. High temperature reduces the quality of peas.
Suitable soil for Green peas Farming.
Green Pea can be grown on alluvial soil.
It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, clay loam, with pH 6.0 to 7.5
Pea crop can be grown on a wide range of soils but it grows well on well-drained loamy soil. Waterlogging is injurious to the crop. If the soil is acidic, liming has to be done after soil analysis.
Recommended Sowing Times for Green peas Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in October and lasts up to November.
Land Preparation for Green peas Farming.
Thoroughly prepared seedbed is required for pea cultivation. First ploughing should be given by soil inverting plough like moldboard plough. Two subsequent ploughings accompanied by planking will be sufficient to obtain desired tilth of the seedbed. Care should be taken to provide gentle gradients so that excess water may not stand in the field.
Sowing methods and tips Green peas Farming.
Sowing should be done by drilling method and broadcasting method.
Dribbling method: Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the holes.
Broadcasting method: Broadcast method generally involves the scattering of the seeds manually over a large area or in the entire field. Labor involved is very less and so is the precision.
Should have row distance between 45 - 60 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 10 to 15 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 5.0 and 6.0 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Green peas Farming.
After sowing it required one or two irrigation. Apply first irrigation during pre-flowering and second at the pod formation stage. Heavy irrigation leads to the yellowing of plants and thus reducing the yield. In the summer season, irrigation should be done at an interval of 9 to 12 days. And in winter season & rainy season, avoid waterlogging as it may lead to seed rotting.
Fertilizer Requirement for Green peas Farming.
It will be advisable to apply the fertilizers as per the results of soil analysis. However, in absence of soil test, it would be advisable to apply on the given information.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 20, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 30, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60
Seeds Requirements for Green peas Farming.
Seed required for sowing one-hectare farmland is in between 75.0 Kg. and 80.0 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Green peas Farming.
Treat the seeds with Captan or Thiram @3gm/kg or Carbendazim@2.5gm/kg and then with Rhizobium. It will give you better seed germination. It will increase yield up to 8-10%.
Best Seed varieties for Green Pea Farming.
Hisar, jawahar Matar-3, Pant Hatar -2, Pant Sabzi Matar-3, Arka sampoorna, VL-3, Solan nirog, Arka Ajit, Arka karthik, Punjab 89, Matar Ageta-7, Punjab 89, Mithi Fali
Best Practices for Green Peas Farming.
Depending upon variety it requires one or two weedings. First, weeding is done either at 2-3 leaves stage or 3-4 weeks after sowing and second weeding are done before flowering.
After about two months of the plantation, vines of peas get to spread over the land. So, to fix them by means of supporting these vines, make use of the bamboo stick.