Climate information for Green Chilli Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Chili is moderate humid and required temperature should ranges from 18 to 32 Celsius, with average rainfall between 65 cm. to 90 cm.
In case of heavy rain the plant defoliates and starts rotting. However, in case of low moisture conditions during fruiting period the bud does not develop properly. Hence, the flower and fruit may drop off. In other words, a high temperature and relatively low humidity level would lead to deflowering and fruits if developed would be very small.
Soil required for Green Chilli Farming.
Chilli can be grown on alluvial soil, red soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, clay loam, with pH 5.8 to 6.8.
A well-drained, fairly light fertile loam with a fair moisture holding capacity is ideal for chilli. Chilli is very sensitive to waterlogging. Quality of fruit is better in light soils than in heavy soils.
Recommended sowing dates for Green Chilli Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts from October and lasts up to November
Kharif: Sowing starts from May and ends in July
Land preparation for Green Chilli Farming.
Carry out ploughing for 2-3 times and clod crushing after each ploughing. Add compost or Farm Yard Manure @1250qtl/ ha and mix well in the soil 15-20 days before sowing. Do not cultivate Tomato and Chilly crop in same field or in nearby field, as pest and diseases are similar.
Sowing methods and tips for Green Chilli Farming.
Sowing should be done by transplanting method. Transplanting :Form raised beds of 1 m width and convenient length. Mix sterilized cocopeat@300kg with 5 kg neem cake along with Azospirillum and phosphobacteria each@1kg.Approximately 2.5 kg of cocopeat is required for filling one protray. 250 protrays are required for the production of 23,000seedlings, which are required for one hector land. After 30-40 days, seedlings are ready for transplantation. For transplantation 6-8 week old or 15-20 cm height seedlings are selected. Should have row distance between 60 - 75 cm. Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 45 to 60 cm. Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 2.0 cm
Irrigation requirement for Green Chilli Farming.
Flowering stage is critical for irrigation, water stress during this stage can leads to flower drop and adversely affecting fruiting and productivity. Half inch irrigation at every fortnight causes maximum penetration of roots and thus gives high yield. In winter, apply irrigation with interval of 6 to 7 days and in summer month, apply with interval of 4-5 days .
Fertilizer requirement for Green Chilli Farming.
Full dose of potassium and phosphorus and 1/3 nitrogen should be applied at the time of transplantation. The remaining 2/3 nitrogen is applied in two equal split in 5-6 weeks after transplantation.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 150, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 70, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 75, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 70
Seed required for Green Chilli Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farm land is in between 1.0 Kg. and 1.5 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Green Chilli Farming.
The chilli seeds are never pre-treated with chemicals. Instead they are treated with herbal fungicides. 80 grams of seeds are required for sowing in one acre of land. The seeds are treated with Pseudomonas fluorescens (10 grams per Kg of seeds). The seeds are then mixed with Azospirillum (200 grams per Kg) and shade dried for half hour.
Best varieties for Green Chilli Farming.
G-3, Bhagyalakshmi(G-4), Sindhur, Punjab Surkh, CH-1, Co-1, Co-2, Pant c-1, Pant c-2, Arka Lohit, Arka Supha, Arka Abhir, Kashi Anmol, Kashi Surkh, kashi Early(f1)
Best cultivation practices for Green Chilli Farming.
Chilli seeds are commonly grown in nurseries and the seedlings are transplanted. 3% Panchagavya spray is done after 15 days or a micronutrient spray is done after 18 days. The seedlings are transplanted once they are 35 days old.
Chillies are intercropped at some places with onions in paired rows. In other words, two rows of chillies are followed by one row of onion. This ensures weed control. It also serves as an additional income to farmers.
Spray of NAA at 50 ppm at the time of flowering improve fruit set and fruit retention.
Gap filling is essential to maintain adequate plant population. Two to three hand weeding at 20 and 40 days after transplantation.
Sandy soil required frequently irrigation than clay soil.