Climate information for Ginger Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Ginger is moderate humid and required temperature should range from 12 to 35 Celsius, with average rainfall between 80 cm. to 150 cm.
Ginger grows well in a warm and humid climate and is cultivated. For successful cultivation of the crop, a moderate rainfall at sowing time till the rhizomes sprout, fairly heavy and well-distributed showers during the growing period and dry weather for about a month before harvesting are necessary.
Suitable soil for Ginger Farming.
Ginger can be grown on alluvial soil, red soil. It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture loamy soil, sandy soil, with pH 6.0 to 6.5.
Avoid water stagnation infield as it cannot survive in waterlogged conditions. Avoid soil on which previously ginger was taken. Do not cultivate ginger crop on same site year after year.
Recommended sowing times for Ginger Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in February and lasts up to March.
Kharif: Sowing starts in May and ends in June.
Land preparation for Ginger Farming.
one deep ploughing during summer and 3-4 light ploughing followed by planking is made to get the soil prepared.
Should have row distance between 20 - 25 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 20 to 25 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 3.0 and 4.0 cm.
Sowing methods and tips for Ginger Farming.
Sowing can be done by propagation method.
Propagation method: Ginger is propagated by portions of rhizomes known as seed rhizomes. Carefully preserved seed rhizomes are cut into small pieces of 2.5 - 5.0 cm length weighing 20 - 25 g each having one or two good buds. The seed rate varies from region to region and with the method of cultivation adopted.
Irrigation methods for Ginger Farming.
The critical stages for irrigation are during germination, rhizome initiation and rhizome development stages. The first irrigation should be done immediately after planting and subsequent irrigation are given at intervals of 7 to 10 days in conventional irrigation (based on prevailing weather and soil type). Sprinklers and drip system can also be employed for better water use efficiency and enhanced yield.
Fertilizer Requirements for Ginger Farming.
At the time of planting, well-decomposed cattle manure or compost @ 25-30 tonnes/ha has to be applied either by broadcasting over the beds prior to planting or applied in the pits at the time of planting. Application of neem cake @ 2 tonnes/ha at the time of planting helps in reducing the incidence of rhizome rot disease/ nematode and increasing the yield. The recommended blanket nutrient dosage for ginger for different states are given below
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 80, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 75, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 75.
Seeds Requirements for Ginger Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 960 Kg. and 1000 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Ginger Farming.
Before sowing seed rhizomes are treated with mancozeb 0.3% (3 g/L of water) for 30 minutes, shade dried for 3 - 4 hours. The seed rhizome bits are placed in shallow pits prepared with a hand hoe and covered with well-decomposed farmyard manure and a thin layer of soil and levelled.
Best Varieties of Ginger Farming.
IISR Varada, IISR Mahima, IISR Rejatha, Suprabha, Suruchi, Suravi, Subhada, Himagiri, Athira, Karthika, Aswathy.
Best Varieties of Ginger Farming.
Two to three weeding are recommended for weed control.
Weeding is done just before fertilizer application and mulching, 2-3 hand weedings are required depending on the intensity of weed growth.
Proper drainage channels are to be provided when there is stagnation of water. Earthing up is essential to prevent exposure of rhizomes and provide sufficient soil volume for the free development of rhizomes. It is done at 45 and 90 days after planting immediately after weeding and application of fertilizers.
Crop rotation is generally followed in ginger. The crops most commonly rotated with ginger are tapioca, ragi, paddy, gingelly, maize and vegetables.