Climate Information for Garlic Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Garlic is low humid and required temperature should range from 21 to 27 Celsius, with average rainfall between 50 cm. to 100 cm.
It needs a cool and moist climate for bulb development and vegetative growth while for maturity the climate must be warm and dry. However, it cannot tolerate extreme cold or hot conditions. Exposing the young plants to temperatures lower than 20⁰C for 1 or 2 months would hasten the bulb formation. Prolonged exposure to lower temperature would however reduce the yield of the bulbs. Bulbs may be produced at the axial of the leaves.
Suitable Soil for Garlic Farming.
Garlic can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil.
It yields best if it’s grown in soil having texture sandy loam, silt soil, with pH 6.0 to 7.0.
Loose and sandy soils are not suitable for cultivation as bulb produces in such soil are deformed with less keeping quality.
Recommended Sowing Times for Garlic Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in October and lasts up to November.
kharif: Sowing starts from June and end in July.
Land Preparation for Garlic Farming
Give three to four deep ploughing and bring soil to a fine tilth. Add well-decomposed cow dung to increase the organic content of the soil. Then levelled soil and divide into small plots and channels.
Sowing method and tips for Garlic Farming.
Sowing should be done by garlic use Kera method: When the seed is dropped in furrows by hand, it is called Kera method. Sowing can be done manually or with help of Machine. Cover cloves with soil and provide light irrigation.
Should have row distance between 15 – 20 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 7 to 8 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 3.0 and 5.0 cm.
Irrigation Method For Garlic Farming.
Garlic is a bulb crop-producing shallow roots. It, therefore, requires a good amount of moisture more than water. Perhaps the biggest challenge in garlic cultivation is being able to ‘moisture it right’. In other words, there should be enough water to maintain a good level of moisture in the soil. However, too much water would result in water stress and thus splitting the bulbs. Too little water or moisture level again means under-developed bulbs. The best way is to irrigate the crop frequently. It must be irrigated, immediately after planting, at an interval of one week to 10 days depending on the moisture content in the soil.
Fertilization requirement for Garlic Farming.
Apply the whole quantity of Phosphorus and Potash and half-dose Nitrogen two days before garlic sowing. Apply the remaining amount of Nitrogen one month after sowing. 10-15 days after transplanting, sprayed NPK 19:19:19 @10gm along with firstname.lastname@example.org to 3gm/Liter of water.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 55, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 80
Seed Requirement for Garlic Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 450.0 Kg. and 500.0 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Garlic Farming.
Before sowing treats the seed with Thiram@2 gram/kg of seed + Benomyl 50WP@1 gram/liter water effectively controls damping-off and smut diseases. After chemical treatment, seed treatment with bio agent Trichoderma viride@2 gram/kg of seed is recommended, it helps in reducing early seedling diseases and soil-borne inoculum.
Best Seed Varieties for Garlic Farming.
Agrifound Parvati, Agrifound Parvati 2 , VL Lahsun 2, VL Garlic 1, Ooty 1, Bhima Omkar, Bhima Purple, Yamuna Safed, Yamuna Safed-2 (G-50), Yamuna Safed-3 (G-282), Yamuna Safed-5 (G-189), Godavari, MPKV, Shweta, MPKV, Phule Baswant, MPKV, GG-4
Best Practice for Garlic Farming.
Initially, garlic seedlings grow slowly. So it is better to use chemical herbicides than hand weeding to avoid injury. To control weeds take spray of Pendimethalin@1 Liter/200 Liter water/acre within 72 hours of sowing.
Do not use cloves from the grocery store for planting. They may be unsuitable varieties for your area, and most are treated to make their shelf life longer, making them harder to grow.
Select large, healthy cloves, free of disease. The larger the clove, the bigger and healthier the bulb you will get the following summer.
Break apart cloves from the bulb a few days before planting, but keep the papery husk on each individual clove.