Mechanization of the fodder cultivation system is one of the most important things that is to be done for a successful white revolution (many folds increase in milk production). The major fodder crops include oats, maize, sorghum, bajra and Ginni grasses. No automated harvesting equipment is used for harvesting any of these crops. Manual sickles and mowers are the only available alternatives for cutting the fodder crops. As a result, a huge amount of manpower and time is wasted just for harvesting fodder crops. The ultra-modern tractor-mounted fodder harvester serves as the solution to all these problems at once.
Fodder harvester is a machine that is mainly used for harvesting fodder crops and the methodology of operation of the machine is as follows -
- Firstly, a rotary shaft mounted with blades present in the machine harvests the crop.
- Then, an auger moves the cut crops from the rotary shaft towards the cutter.
- Ultimately, the cutter chops the crops and conveys the chopped fodder through an outlet on to the trailer.
Components of a fodder harvester –
A fodder harvester is a very simple machine and is composed of some very basic materials like –
- A metal frame 3 rows of 13 blades on each row mounted on a rotary shaft for primary cutting of crops
- An auger for moving the cut crops from the shaft to the chopper
- A chopper with 4 blades for cutting the crops into pieces
- A trailer for stacking up the chopped crop
- A hook for connecting to the tractor
The fodder harvester is driven by a 40-kilo watt tractor.
Advantages of fodder harvester –
In the modern era of agriculture, technology and new agricultural implements are part and parcel of the farming process. The various functions of the fodder harvester machine include -
- Manual harvesting of the fodder crops by means of sickles takes 120-150 man-hours per hectare of land. Saving this huge amount of manual labor and workforce is the primary function of fodder harvester.
- It is a 3-in-1 machine and in a single operation can harvest, chop and load the chopped fodders in the trailer attached to the machine. Thus, a tremendous amount of time is also saved by using this machine for harvesting fodder crops.
- Manual harvesting, winnowing and threshing generate a lot of crop residues and unwanted agricultural wastes. Using a modern and automated fodder harvester reduces the wastage and thus increases the yield of the crops to a great extent.
Specifications of the fodder harvester –
Timeline of Invention –
Fodder harvester was first invented in the United States of America (USA) in 1926 by Adolph Ronning. Since then, innumerable modifications have been made to the machine adapting to the changing course of agriculture as time passed.
In India, only in recent days after 2010, is the machine gaining some popularity.
List of important manufacturers –
Nowadays, there are a number of companies that are manufacturing and selling equipment in India. Some of the most notable ones include –
1. M/s Sherpur Agro Industries (Ludhiana, Punjab)
2. M/s Guru Nanak Agril. Implements (Jalandhar, Punjab)
3. M/s Raj Works (Jalandhar, Punjab)
4. Golden Agriculture Works (Khalsa, Mansa)
5. DEP Agro Machineries Private Limited (Ahmedabad, Gujarat)
However, subsidies are available on buying of fodder harvesters or any other agricultural types of machinery from both the central government as well as the respective governments of the states and union territories. Local agricultural centres should be contacted first before buying any heavy agricultural equipment.
Useful website links for buying –