Climate information for Coriander Farming.
Coriander is a tropical crop and requires a warm season. The optimum temperature required for coriander growth is 20 to 25 degree Celsius. A frost-free environment is ideal.
Suitable soil for Coriander Farming.
Coriander requires well-drained light-textured soil. Silty or loamy soils are suitable. In rainfed cultivation heavy soils are also preferred. The pH should be between 6 to 8.
Recommended sowing dates for Coriander Farming.
Coriander crop is mostly grown during June-July in Kharif season and in October to November during Rabi season.
Land preparation for Coriander Farming.
A fine tilth seedbed is required for the cultivation of coriander. Plough the field three to four times with a disc plough or moldboard plough. Apply farmyard manure at the rate of 10 tons per hectare in the field. Coriander requires well-drained soils and therefore the field must be made into beds and channels for proper drainage of water. To avoid any weed growth, spray pre-emergence herbicide in the field.
Sowing methods and tips for Coriander Farming.
My coriander seeds need to be split for ensuring proper germination. Seeds soaked in water for 12 to 24 hours also enhance germination. Sow the seeds at a spacing of 20cm × 15 cm. The seeds require a time period of 8 to 15 days for germination. Seeds can also be sown in portrays for better germination and then transplanted in the field. In the field, the seeds are sown on beds whereas the channels serve for drainage purposes. The seeds can be broadcasted or sown with the help of a seed drill.
Irrigation method for Coriander Farming.
Life-saving irrigation should be given immediately after sowing up to 3 days. Further irrigation should be given at 7 to 10 days interval till crop matures
Fertilizer requirement for Coriander Farming.
At the time of field preparation, 10 tonnes per hectare of farmyard manure is given. NPK should be supplied in the ratio of 20:40:20 Kg per hectare. This should be given as basal dose leaving 10kg Nitrogen for top dressing after sowing of seeds.
Seeds requirement for Coriander Farming.
For irrigated crops, 10 to 12 kilogram per hectare of seeds is required. Whereas in rainfed crops where seed germination is less 20 to 25 kilogram per hectare of seeds are required.
Seed treatment for Coriander Farming.
Soak the seeds in water for 12 hours. then treat the seeds with Azospirillum at the rate of 1.5 kilograms per hectare. Then add Trichoderma viridie@ 50 kilograms per hectare. This will protect the coriander from soil-borne wilt disease. Before sowing the seeds, treat with potassium dihydrogen phosphate at the rate of 10 gram per liter of water for 16 hours. This will harden the seeds for better establishment under rainfed cultivation.
Best seed varieties for Coriander Farming.
- Sadhana(CS-4)- it is a medium duration variety and grows up to a height of 70 cm. Yields up to 100 to 110 quintal per hectare. It is resistant to aphids and grows well in heavy soils.
- Sudha- ( LCC-128)- the plant completes its duration in 80-98 days. It yields up to 75 to 120 quintal per hectare. Essential oil content is 0.36 % 0.4%.
- Suruchi(LCC-234)- it is a high yielding variety and completes its duration within 60 - 65 days. An average yield of 150 to 180 quintal per hectare is obtained.
- APHU Dhania ( LCC-170)- it is a medium duration variety which matures within 90 days. The grain size is comparatively bigger and yields up to 85 to 120 quintal per hectare.
Best practices for Coriander Farming.
- Thinning- meaning of the crop must be done to obtain optimum plant population and to ensure a good yield. Thinning should be practiced after 30 days of sowing leaving only two plants per hill.
- The crops can be sprayed with Cycocel (CCC) at the rate of 250ppm to induce drought tolerance in case of rainfed coriander cultivation.
- Weeds can be controlled by spraying pre-emergence weedicides such as fluchloralin or pendimethalin @ 1-1.5 liter per hectare.