Clove Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Clove Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Climate information for Clove Farming.

Clove is a tropical climate crop. It requires partial shade for its better growth. The annual rainfall required for Clove cultivation is 1500 to 3000 mm. The ideal temperature for Clove cultivation is 20 to 30 degree Celsius.

Suitable soil required for Clove Farming.

Clove grows well in loamy soils. The best growth of clove is observed in red soils having good organic matter with proper drainage. The ideal pH for clock cultivation ranges from 4 to 6.

It cannot survive in waterlogged conditions.

Clove Farming

Recommended sowing dates for Clove Farming.

Clove seedlings are transplanted in the field mainly during the rainy season from June to July.

Land preparation for Clove Farming.

the land should be ploughed 3 to 4 times. Harrowing and planking should be done to obtain a desired tilth of the field. For sowing seeds, a nursery must be prepared. The width of the bed should be 1 meter wide with a height of 15 to 20 cm. For planting Clove pits must be dug of dimensions 75cm× 75cm× 75cm at a spacing of 6-7m. The soil excavated from the pits is mixed with compost and filled back into these pits.

Sowing methods and tips for Clove Farming.

Clove can be cultivated by seeds, cuttings or buddings. Seeds are obtained from the "mother of clove". These are sown in the nursery at 2-3 cm depth at a spacing of 2 cm and then covered with sand. Before sowing the seeds in the nursery, the seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours to enhance germination. After sowing the seeds they must be watered. The seedlings germinate within two weeks and are ready to transplant in the main field after 1-1.5 years.

Irrigation method for Clove Farming.

Irrigation is not required during rainy seasons. But in the summer season, frequent light irrigation must be given to the crop. Nearly 7 to 8 liters of water must be given to the crops per day during the summer season. Irrigation through drip irrigation method is beneficial for the crop.

Clove Farming

Fertilizer requirement for Clove Farming.

Initially, the crops in the field are given 10 to 15-kilogram farmyard manure per plant. The NPK ratio in the first year of the crop is 20:18:50 gram per plant. After every year the dosage of Nitrogen potassium and phosphorus is increased. When the crop attains the age of 7 years the amount of NPK given is increased up to 300:250:750 grams per plant till 15 years of age of the plant.

Seed treatment for Clove Farming.

Clove Farming

Prior to sowing the seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours. A mixture of soil, sand and FYM in the ratio 3:1:1 is prepared and filled in polythene. The seeds are sown in this mixture to increase germination percentage and rate.

Best seed varieties for Clove Farming.

  • Penang- this variety produces large-sized cloves of dark red-brown color. These cloves have a spicy texture.
  • Zanzibar- this variety produces small-sized cloves of black-brown color. This variety is better adapted to Indian climatic conditions and gives high productivity.
  • Amboyan- it also produces large-sized cloves which are aromatic. This variety is less adaptable in Indian climatic conditions.

Best practices for farming for Clove Farming.

Clove Farming
  • To prevent leaf rot the crop can be sprayed with 1% Bordeaux mixture.
  • Black scale attack can be reduced with the spray of monocrotophos @ 1.5 ml per liter of water.
  • Cloves can be intercropped with Banana to provide shade to the main crop during its initial growth phase.
  • Mixed cropping with Areca Nut and coffee is also found to be beneficial.
  • To maintain soil moisture and prevent weed growth mulching must be practiced in Clove farm.
  • The main stem of a Clove plant is headed back above 15cm of height so that it grows in a bush form.
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