Climate information for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Chrysanthemum can be cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical climatic conditions. The optimum temperature required for Chrysanthemum cultivation should be between 20 to 30 degree Celsius. The average rainfall is 800-1000mm.
The required temperature for Chrysanthemum cultivation is 20 to 28 degree Celsius during the day and 15 to 20 degree Celsius during the night.
Soil required Chrysanthemum Farming.
Chrysanthemum can be cultivated on well-drained loamy soils having pH 5.5 to 7. Best growth is observed in red loamy soils.
Waterlogged conditions are not suitable for Chrysanthemum cultivation.
Recommended sowing dates for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Optimum sowing time of Chrysanthemum is from February to March.
Land preparation for Chrysanthemum Farming.
The land should be ploughed 2-3 times and then harrowed to obtain fine tilth. During land preparation, farmyard manure at the rate of 25 tons per hectare should be mixed in the field. The soil must be arranged with copper oxychloride at the rate of 2.5gram per liter of water and difenoconazole at the rate of 0.5ml per liter of water prior to sowing to prevent root rot.
Sowing methods and tips for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Chrysanthemum is propagated mainly through cuttings or root suckers. Cuttings selected for propagation must be 5 to 6 cm long and must be selected from a healthy plant.
The cuttings are planted on ridges at a spacing of 15-30cm × 15-30cm.
The depth of sowing should be shallow up to 2 to 3 cm.
Irrigation requirement for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Irrigation in the field must be applied within 3 to 4 days interval during the first month of planting. Afterwards, the irrigation interval can be increased up to 7 days. Sprinkler irrigation or drip irrigation method must be applied to Chrysanthemum plants to maintain optimum moisture conditions and avoid water logging in the field.
Fertilizer requirement for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Farmyard manure at the rate of 25 tons per hectare should be applied in the field. The recommended dose of NPK is 125:120:125 kilogram per hectare. Half nitrogen and the entire amount of potassium and phosphorus are applied as the basal dose. The remaining nitrogen is given 30 days after planting Chrysanthemum in the field.
To supply micronutrients such as zinc and magnesium, zinc sulphate and magnesium sulphate should be applied as a foliar spray at a rate of 0.25% and 0.5% respectively. To increase growth gibberellic acid @ 50 ppm must be applied to the plants after 1 month.
Planting material requirement for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Nearly 100000- 110000 cuttings of plants are required for 1 hectare of land area.
Planting material Treatment for Chrysanthemum Farming.
Cuttings are treated with captan at the rate of 0.2% to protect seedlings from fungal infection and other soil-borne diseases. After one month, the seedlings must be sprayed with gibberellic acid to promote flowering.
Best seed varieties for Chrysanthemum Farming.
- Birbal sahni- This variety gives white colored flowers. The average yield obtained by this variety is 140 kg per hectare.
- Punjab gold- This variety produces yellow colored flowers. This variety can be cultivated in pots.
- Royal purple- Purple pinkish flowers are produced by this variety. A single plant can give approximately 200 flowers.
- Kelvin mandrin- This variety produces copper yellow colored flowers. It is a dwarf variety.
- Mother Teresa- White colored flowers with cream to the yellow center are produced by this variety. Medium-sized flowers are produced by this late-maturing variety.
Best cultivation practices-
- Apply mancozeb @ 2.5 gram per liter, through foliar application to prevent leaf spot.
- To control Chrysanthemum mosaic disease spay monocrotophos at the rate of 0.05% to prevent the attack of vectors.
- Pinching of apical buds after 1month of planting is done in Chrysanthemum plants to promote lateral growth.
- Spray wettable sulphur at the rate 2 gram per liter of water to avoid powdery mildew incidence.