Climate Information for Cabbage Farming
Best climatic conditions required for Cabbage is moderate humidity and required temperature should range from 12 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 20 cm. to 26 cm.
In India, cabbage is grown in large areas having a cool and moist climate. A temperature range of 15-21 C is considered as optimum for growth and head formation of the crop. The intensity of flowering depends upon the age of the plants and the period for which they are exposed to low temperatures.
Suitable soil for Cabbage Farming.
Cabbage can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil.
It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, with pH 5.5 to 6.5.
when grown on well-drained loamy soil it gives a good yield. It cannot thrive well in highly acidic soils.
Recommended Sowing Times of Cabbage Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in August and lasts up to October.
Land Preparation for Cabbage Farming.
One deep ploughing and 2-3 light ploughings followed by planking are essential to obtain the fine tilth. Add well-decomposed cow dung and mixed well in the soil at time of the last ploughing.
Sowing methods and tips for Cabbage Farming.
Sowing can be done by the dibbling method: Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the holes and transplanting methods: Sow seeds in the nursery and apply irrigation, fertilizer dose as per requirement. Seedlings are ready to transplant within 25-30 days after sowing.
Should have row distance between 45 - 60 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 30 to 45 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 3.0 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Cabbage Farming.
Frequency and depth of irrigation depend upon the soil type and season of the crop. Early sown crops required irrigation at an interval 5 to 7 days while mid and late sown crops required irrigation at 8 to 12 days.
Fertilizer Requirement for Cabbage Farming.
Apply 250 q of well rotten FYM or compost before first ploughing. Do soil testing and if Magnesium deficiency is observed to overcome Mg deficiency apply Magnesium sulphate@5gm/Liter, 30-35 days after transplantation and for Calcium deficiency apply Calcium Nitrate@5gm/Liter, 30-35 days after transplanting. If Hollow and sometimes discolored stems are observed, Also curds become brown and leaves may get a roll and curl. It is due to Boron deficiency, apply Borax@800-1000gm/ha.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 140, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 150, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 125, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 90, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 100
Seed Requirements for Cabbage Farming.
Seed required for sowing one-hectare farmland is in between 0.38 Kg. and 0.5 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Cabbage Farming.
Before sowing dip seeds in hot water or firstname.lastname@example.org/Ltr for two hours. After treatment dry them in shade and then sow on the bed. Blackout mostly observed in Rabi. As a preventive measure seed treatment with Mercury chloride is essential. For that dip seeds in Mercury chloride@1gm/Liter solution for 30 min after that dry them in the shed. Crop grown in sandy soils is more prone to stem rot. To prevent it does seed treatment with Carbendazim 50%WP@3gm/kg seed.
Best Seed varieties for Cabbage Farming.
Golden arce, Pride of India, Pusa Synthetic, All head early, September, Pusa Drum, India Eclips , Pusa Mukti, Late flat Dutch, Late large drum head
Best Practices for Cabbage Farming.
It is necessary to remove the side shoot as soon as possible. Weed must be removed as soon as possible by hoeing but not too deep to damage the root. Herbicide can be used to control the weed.
For early planting, ridge method is suitable especially in areas where the rains occur at the time of planting. In saline soils, planting in furrows and in dry areas transplanting on flatbeds is recommended.
At the time of crop maturity, irrigation should be avoided as excess irrigation at this stage causes splitting of heads.
Apply Pendimethalin@1.5Ltr/ha four days before transplanting of seedlings followed by one hand weeding after herbicide application.