Brinjal Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Brinjal Farming in India: What, Why and How?

Climate information for Brinjal Farming.

Best climatic conditions required for Brinjal is high humid and required temperature should range from 15 to 30 Celsius, with average rainfall between 60 cm. to 90 cm.

Brinjal is a warm-season crop and requires a long warm growing season. It is very susceptible to frost. A long and warm growing season is desirable for successful brinjal production

Soil required for Brinjal Farming.

Brinjal can be grown on alluvial soil, black soil, red soil,

It yields best if it’s grown in soil having texture sandy loam, clay loam, silt loam

with pH 5.5 to 6.6

Brinjal is a hardy crop and is cultivated under a wide range of soils. Since a long duration crop with high yield, the soil must be loose, friable, rich in organic matter, well-drained and fertile soil are preferred for the crop.

Recommended sowing dates for Brinjal Farming.

Rabi: Sowing starts in October and lasts up to November.

Kharif: Sowing starts from May and ends in July.

Brinjal Farming

Land preparation for Brinjal Farming.

Since the crop remains in the field for a number of months. The soil should be thoroughly prepared by ploughing 4 to 5 times before transplantation the seedling. Bulky organic manures like well rotten cow dung or compost should be incorporated.

Should have row distance between 80 – 90 cm.

Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 60 to 70 cm.

Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 2.0 cm.

Sowing methods and tips for Brinjal Farming.

Sowing should be a transplanting method. Transplantation: Seeds of brinjal are sown in nursery beds which are 3 meters long, 1 meter wide and 15 cm high. Well, rotten cow dung is mixed in a nursery bed. Nursery bed is drenched with Captain solution two days before sowing to avoid the attack of damping-off disease in brinjal nursery. Then seeds are sown in rows 2.5cm apart and at depth of 1.5cm. After then give light irrigation. The nursery beds should be covered with black polythene sheets or paddy straw till the seed germinates. Healthy seedlings having 3-4 leaves or 12-15cm in height (30-40 days crop) are ready for transplanting.

Brinjal Farming

Irrigation requirement for Brinjal Farming.

Light irrigation is given on the first and third day after transplanting. Thereafter irrigation is given at an interval of 8-10 days during winter and 5-6 days during summer.

Fertilizer requirement for Brinjal Farming.

The full dose of potassium and phosphorus and half dose of nitrogen at the time of final field preparation before transplantation and remaining nitrogen is applied in the two split after 30,45,60 days of transplantation. In high temperature flower drop is observed, to control flower drop take spray of NAA@4 ml/15Ltr water when the crop is in the flowering stage. Repeat spray after 20-25 days.

Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 50, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60

Seed required for Brinjal Farming.

Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 0.5 Kg. and 0.75 Kg.

Seed Treatment for Brinjal Farming

Before sowing does seed treatment with Thiram@3 gram or Carbendazim@3 gram/kg of seed. After chemical treatment, treat seed with Trichoderma viride@4 gram/kg of seed, dry in the shed and sow immediately.

Best varieties for Brinjal Farming

Pusa Purple long, Pusa Hybrid-5, Arka Sheel , Punjab Sadabahar, Kashi Taru, Pusa Ankur, Pusa Hybrid-6, Pusa Hybrid, Jamuni Goal, Hisar Shyamal, Kashi Prakash, Kashi Sandesh, Punjab Neemla

Brinjal Farming

Best cultivation practices for Brinjal Farming

The beds should be covered with dry straw or grass or sugarcane leaves to maintain the required temperature and moisture. The watering should be done by water can as per the need till germination is completed.

The cover of dry straw or grass is removed immediately after germination is complete. During the last week in nursery, the seedlings may be hardened by slightly withholding water. The seedlings are ready for transplanting within 4-6 weeks of planting when they attain a height of 15 cm with 2-3 true leaves.

Generally, two-four weeding’s and hoeing are necessary for weed control, aeration and for the good growth of plants. Mulching with black polythene film reduces weed growth and maintains soil temperature.

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