Climate Information for Barley Farming.
Best climatic conditions required for Barley is high humid and required temperature should range from 12 to 32 Celsius, with average rainfall between 80 cm. to 100 cm.
The crop is extremely frost sensitive at any stage of growth. Any incidence of frost at the flowering stage can result in huge yield loss. Barley crop is tolerant to drought and can survive in high temperatures.
Suitable soil for Barley Farming.
Barley can be grown on alluvial soil, arid soil.
It yields best if it's grown in soil having texture sandy loam, heavy loamy soil, with pH 6.0 to 7.5.
Acidic soils are not suitable for barley cultivation because soil acidity impairs the root growth of the barley crop.
Recommended Sowing Times for Barley Farming.
Rabi: Sowing starts in October and lasts up to December
Land Preparation for Barley Farming.
Carry out ploughing 2-3 times properly to make the land weed-free. Before sowing cropland must be properly prepared smooth till fine tilth. Ploughing should be followed by 2-3 harrowing to conserve moisture in the soil. The stubbles and roots of the earlier crop should be hand-picked up and dash out of the ground as it attracts termites.
Sowing methods and tips for Barley Farming.
Sowing should be done by broadcasting and drilling method.
Broadcasting: Broadcast method generally involves the scattering of the seeds manually over a large area or in the entire field. Labor involved is very less and so is the precision.
Drill method: Drilling method is exclusive to India. In this method, one person ploughs a hole in the land and the other person sows the seed. Ox is the most commonly used ‘person’ to plough the land.
Should have row distance between 20 - 25 cm.
Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 10 to 20 cm.
Seed depth should be in between 4.0 and 6.0 cm.
Irrigation Methods for Barley Farming.
Generally, Barley crop requires 2 to 3 irrigations for better yield. Depending upon the water availability, suitable stages for irrigation should be identified.
1st at Crown Root Initiation (25-30 Days After Sowing),2nd at Panicle Emergence (65-70 Days After Sowing).
Fertilizer Requirement for Barley Farming.
In case of the irrigated condition, half of the nitrogen and full dose of Phosphorous should be applied as Basal and remaining half of the Nitrogen should be Top Dressed after first irrigation or 30 days after sowing, while in case of light soils, one-third of nitrogen and a full dose of Phosphorous should be applied as basal, one-third of Nitrogen after first irrigation and rest one-third of Nitrogen after second irrigation.
Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 40, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 20, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 30, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 5, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 10
Seeds Requirements for Barley Farming.
Seed required for sowing one hectare farmland is in between 100.0 Kg. and 120.0 Kg.
Seed Treatment for Barley Farming.
For the control; of Loose Smut disease, treatment with Vitavax or Bavistin @ 2 gm per Kg seed or for the covered Smut treatment with 1:1 ratio mixture of Thiram + Bavistin or Vitavax @ 2.5 gm per Kg seed. To avoid crop loss due to termite, seed treatment with 150 ml of Chloropyriphos (20 EC) or 250 ml Formathion (25 EC) in 5 litre of water for 100 Kg seed is recommended.
Best Seed varieties for Barley Farming.
Ratna, Azad (K.125), Vijaya, Amber, RS-6, Jyoti, Clipper, PL-56, Ranjit (DL- 70), . Karan-201, 231 and 264, C- l64, Kailash, Dolma, Himani, LSB-2, RDB-1, BG-25, BG-108, Kedar, Neelam
Best Practices for Barley Farming.
In the initial stage of the crop, weed control is necessary to obtained good crop growth along with good yield. Broad and narrow leaves are two major weeds in barley. To control broad leaf weed, apply post emergence weedicide 2,4-D@250 gm/100 Liter of water per acre, 30-35 days after sowing. To control narrow leaf weeds use Isoproturon 75%WP@500 gm/100 Liter of water or Pendimethalin 30% EC@1.4 Liter/100 liter water for one hector.