Amaranthus Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Amaranthus Farming In India: What, Why & How?

Climate Information for Amaranthus Farming.
Amaranthus can be grown in any kind of climate but gives the best result in a warm climate. It is adapted to a hot and humid tropical climate. The ideal temperature for Amaranthus farming is 22 to 30-degree Celsius and rainfall at least 500mm.
Heavy rainfall or low temperature during germination or vegetative periods result in stunt plant low vegetative growth. Amaranthus is a cold-sensitive plant. Red Amaranthus plant required bright sunlight to develop red color.

Amaranthus Farming

Suitable soil for Amaranthus Farming.

Amaranthus can be grown on any kind of soil but the best result you will get from well-drained loamy soil rich in organic matter. The ideal pH for Amaranthus farming is 5.5 to 7.5.

Heavy soil, sandy soil with poor drainage facility and poor water holding capacity are not suitable for Amaranthus cultivation as they help in rotten the root and stems of the plants.

Recommended Sowing Times Amaranthus Farming.

In north India, Amaranthus cultivated as Kharif crop - At the end of March to end of June. In south India, Amaranthus Cultivated throughout the year.

Land Preparation for Amaranthus Farming.

3-4 ploughing is required to bring the soil to a line tilth and pulverize. Add well-decomposed cow dung of 25 t/ha and mix well in soils at the time of land preparation.

Sowing methods and tips for Amaranthus Farming.

Amaranthus Farming

It can be done directly in the field or through the nursery bed.

In the Direct method.

Seeds are sown through broadcasting or drilling methods.

Dibbling method: Sowing is done with the help of a small implement known as 'Dibbler'. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed in the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped by hand in each of the holes.

Broadcasting method: Broadcast method generally involves the scattering of the seeds manually over a large area or in the entire field. Labor involved is very less and so is the precision.

Should have row distance between 30 - 40 cm.

Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 8 cm.

Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 1.2cm.

Nursery bed.

Form beds of 2 x 1.5 m size.

As the seeds are very small, they should be mixed with sand and sown.

Should have row distance between 45 cm.

Plant/Seed should be sown at a distance of 30 cm.

Seed depth should be in between 1.0 and 1.2cm.

Transplant the seedlings to the main filed when they are 2-3cm long. It is recommended that transplanting should be done either early in the morning or late in the evening.

Irrigation Methods for Amaranthus Farming.

Irrigate the field just after sowing it will ensure the proper root and shoot development. In summer season it required irrigation in 4 to 5 days interval and in Kharif season schedule the irrigation base on the soil moisture.

Fertilizer Requirement for Amaranthus Farming.

20-25 tonnes of FYM and 50:25:20kg NPK/ha are recommended as a basal dose. Top dressed of 50kg/ha Nitrogen at 15 days after transplanting to promote better re-growth. Foliar spray of 1% Urea(10g per liter) after every harvest.

Minimum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 100, Maximum Nitrogen Content (Kg/Ha): 120, Minimum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 55, Maximum Phosphorus Content (Kg/Ha): 60, Minimum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 55, Maximum Potassium Content (Kg/Ha): 60

Sees Requirements for Amaranthus Farming.

For direct farming 2 kg/ha. For nursery farming, 1 kg is enough.

Amaranthus Farming

Seed Treatment for Amaranthus Farming.

As the seeds are very small, they should be mixed with sand at a ratio of 1g seed to 100g sand for easy sowing & uniform stand.

Best Seed varieties for Amaranthus Farming.

Badi Chauli, Chhoti Chauli, CO-1, CO-2, CO-3, CO-4, Lal Sag, Pusa Kiran, Pusa Lal Chaulai, Pusa kirti.

Best Practices for Amaranthus Farming.

Avoid setting up the nursery in fields previously having an Amaranth crop. One or two weeding or hoeing for weed control. Along with other fertilizer apply Azospirillum 2 kg and Phosphobacteria 2 kg/ha for better yield. Young leaves & tender shoots are picked at 2 to 3-week interval. Picking should be done during the cooler time of the day for the long freshness of the leaves.

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Written by KrishiHub

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